Chandigarh, Feb 28, 2020 (Yes Punjab News)
US Border and Custom protection department which works at 328 ports of entry throughout the United States and is responsible for border security, including counter terrorism, customs, immigration, trade, and agriculture apprehended 7720 Indian Origin Persons including 272 Females and 591 Juvenile during the FY 2019.
This was disclosed here by Satnam Singh Chahal executive director North American Punjabi Association (NAPA) in a press release issued here today.
Chahal who received this information from the US Border and Custom protection department under Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) said that there were total 851,508 apprehensions in the FY 2019 (October 2018-September 2019), a 115% increase from the previous fiscal year and the highest total in 12 years and out of them 7720 were of Indian Origin Persons.
Similarly US Border and Custom protection department apprehended total nearly 400,000 people crossing the Mexico-U.S. border in fiscal 2018, up roughly 100,000 from the prior year and out of them 4620 apprehensions were of persons of Indian Origin including 189 female and 477 were Juvenile.
While sharing this information Chahal said that numbers of persons of Indian Origin apprehended during FY 2014 were 1663 (109 female and 86 Juvenile), FY 2015 were 3091(including 76 female and 211 Juvenile) and in FY 2016 total apprehensions of Indian Origins were 3544 (Including 145 female and 242 Juvenile).
He further said that numbers of total apprehensions of Indian origin persons increased during FY 2017 to 4620 which includes 189 female and 477 Juvenile. He said that this data includes Deportable Aliens only. This is a matter of grave concern that large numbers of Juveniles of Indian Origins are being apprehended at the US Borders for their illegal entry into the United Stated added Chahal.
He said that there are 48 U.S.–Mexico border crossings, with 330 ports of entry and at these points of entry, people trying to get into the U.S. are required to open their bags for inspection. Border crossings take place by roads, pedestrian walkways, railroads and ferries.
The United States shares international land borders with two nations: The Canada–United States border to the north of the Contiguous United States and to the east of Alaska. The Mexico–United States border to the south. There are more than 30 permanent Border Patrol checkpoints across Arizona, California, Texas and New Mexico added Chahal.
While explaining the reasons behind this large numbers of apprehensions of persons of Indian Origin at US Borders Chahal said that Individuals around the globe want to migrate to US for a broad variety of reasons, which can be conceptualized in two general terms: “push” and “pull” factors.
“Push” factors are conditions in migrants’ home countries that make it difficult or even impossible to live there, while “pull” factors are circumstances in the destination country that make it a more attractive place to live than their home countries.
He said that Common “push” factors include violence, gender inequality, political corruption, environmental degradation and climate change, as well as lack of access to adequate health care and education and Common “pull” factors include more economic and work opportunities, the possibility of being reunited with family members, and a better quality of life, including access to adequate education and health care.
Although the general “push” and “pull” factors describe motivational trends and patterns, they do not account for the specific and personal reasons for migrating that are unique to every individual added Chahal.